Development process and background of green industry
Environment & Development was initiated to being the future human development concept from European Union at late 1980. Based on this, the idea of “Sustainable Development” was emerged at 1992.
“Industry toward green” is from the concept of cleaner production and energy saving & emission reduction. The basic concept of cleaner production includes (1) the pollutant is the raw materials of not utilized, (2) the pollutant add innovative technology are the “valuable resources “. Cleaner production is not only reducing pollution but also the resource and energy conservation from the product LCA (life cycle assessment, includes product design, manufacture, package and consumers). Therefore, emission reduction of wastes (air, water, solid waste) from the source of process is the effective solution for present various environmental issues.
Range of green industry
Broadly speaking, green industry can include the agriculture, industry and services. All of the techniques can prove that better than the traditional techniques in saving resources demand, energy conservation and low pollution can be called green industry/ techniques. The cleaner production mechanism and green product can be the indicators for the green industry. Narrower sense for green industry, low pollution, low energy use and recycling industry belong the general category.
Cleaner production and eco-efficiency
Cleaner production and eco-efficiency are one of the essential elements of green industry. It shows the fewer resources use implies to create more value. Eco-efficiency points the enterprises should adopt the concept of “design for environment, DfE”, and pay attention in reducing environmental impact of product or service life-cycle. Based on above, the enterprises will be more competitive in product supply chain in the future market.
Seven elements toward eco-efficiency
Reducing the material intensity of product and service
Reducing the energy intensity of product and service
Reducing the spread of toxicants
Raising the recycling of materials
utility for renewable resource
Extending product durability
Increasing the service intensity of product and service